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On the slopes of the Homolje mountains, at the easternmost end of Serbia, lies Ceremošnja cave known for its spacious halls adorned with stalactites, stalagmites and numerous other cave formations.
Named after the nearby village of Ceremošnja, the entrance to the cave is set 533 metres above sea level.
After passing through a narrow 87-metre long canal, you will enter a large hall known as the “Arena” because of its resemblance to an ancient Roman amphitheatre. It features a myriad of cave formations, the most recognisable of which is a sort of emblem of Ceremošnja, a dynamic cave column known as the “Eternal Sentry”.
There is also the awe-inspiring cascading calcite column called “Waterfall”, with a height of more than 10 metres, as well as a tall column of shiny white calcite called “Lepa Vlajna” (“Beautiful Vlach Woman”), resembling a woman wearing the traditional dress of the region. Not far from “Lepa Vlajna” is the “Bridegroom”, a stalagmite of exceptional beauty, as well as two cave columns known as “Friends” because of the unusual way they have grown together.
Through a hole in the drapery wall, you can pass from the “Arena” to the “Abyss Hall”, so named because of a funnel-shaped abyss inside. The hall, 36 metres long and 18 metres wide, is dominated by a huge hemisphere made of multicoloured tufa stripes. Because of the cracks on the hemisphere and the separate spheres, this monumental cave formation, almost 4 metres tall, is known as the “Cracked Sphere”.
Apart from the “Abyss Hall”, the “Arena” also opens through a large passage to the “Andesite Hall”, named after the volcanic rock andesite which makes its foundation. Of the several types of cave formations found in this part of the hall, the most awe-inspiring for the visitors are the snow-white ceiling formations, as well as a group of unusual stalagmites known as “Roadside Sepulchral Monuments” (“Krajputaši”).
When you’ve finished exploring the halls of Ceremošnja cave, head back to “Lepa Vlajna” where, after traversing a 107-long canal, you can exit via the first of the two narrow eastern canals. The well-maintained, easily accessible route through the cave means it’s a popular attraction for tourists.
Apart from its undeniable speleological value, the cave is also an important archaeological site. Remains of the cave bear, an animal species that went extinct some 100,000 years ago, have been found here.
Strugarski brook flows into Ceremošnja cave before disappearing into the soil beneath the cave, only to reappear as a spring in Bigar cave a kilometre away. This is one of several interesting sites situated near the Veliki Šublej mountain - others include Golubanjska cave, Siga waterfall and the remains of the Celtic fortress Arsin.
While you’re in the area, be sure to visit Ravništarka and Dubočka caves, both are situated just a few miiles from Ceremošnja. Both of these caves are areas of exceptional national beauty and archaeological value.
End your visit by climbing the Veliki Štublej mountain peak and enjoy the fantastic views of the Morava river basin, the Šumadija region and the slopes of Homolje mountains.